The Use of Artificial Intelligence in Litigation

The use of artificial intelligence has become prevalent in all or almost all areas of business, government, science, healthcare, and entertainment. AI is a machine’s ability to learn from experience and perform cognitive functions that are human-like.

Attorneys are using AI in their practices to create documents, contracts, and deposition outlines, do legal research and discovery document review, and compose emails.

What Happens When a Party to Litigation Dies?

Morrow v. Morrow

If a party to litigation dies and the claims are not thereby extinguished, the court may order substitution of the proper party. After a suggestion of death is filed, any party, or the deceased party’s successors or representatives, may file a motion for substitution. Unless the motion for substitution is made within 90 days after […]

Attorney John Farina Receives “Special Commendation”

Attorney John Farina Receives “Special Commendation” 15th Judicial Circuit Pro Bono Committee, The Florida Supreme Court, and The Florida Pro Bono Coordinators  March 11, 2024, Boyes, Farina & Matwiczyk today, announced John Farina receives “Special Commendation,” from the 15th Judicial Circuit Pro Bono Committee, The Florida Supreme Court, and The Florida Pro Bono Coordinators. The commendation marks […]

Holographic Wills

A will, in order to be valid in Florida, must be in writing, signed by the testator at the end of the will (or subscribed by someone in the testator’s presence and at the testator’s direction), in the presence of at least two attesting witnesses. §732.502(1), Fla. Stat. A will other than a holographic (handwritten) […]

Lady Bird Deeds

A lady bird deed, or enhanced life estate deed, is an estate planning tool that allows a property owner (the Grantor) to transfer his or her real property to one or more beneficiaries (the Grantee) upon death without having to go through the probate process. When the Grantor dies, the Grantee files the death certificate […]

Tax Exemptions in 2024


It is advisable for taxpayers to review their estate plans and their annual gifting in order to ensure that they are taking advantage of the increased estate and gift tax exemptions in 2024. The federal estate tax exemption increases to $13.61 Million per person in 2024, up from $12.92 Million per person in 2023. For […]

529 College Savings Accounts and Recent Changes

law books

A 529 plan, known as a Qualified Tuition Plan (QTP), is a tax-advantaged savings plan sponsored by a state or state agency and designed to be used for a designated beneficiary’s education expenses. A QTP is set up to allow an individual to prepay or contribute to an account established to pay a student’s (a […]

Can a Guardian of a Ward Change a Ward’s Trust?

Text and Emails in Litigation

The short answer to this question is yes but with court approval. Florida Statute 736.0602(6) provides that a guardian of the property of a settlor may only exercise a settlor’s powers with respect to revocation, amendment, or distribution of trust property only as provided in section 744.441. Florida Statute 744.441(19) provides that, a guardian, after […]